Cincinnati abolitionist, opposed to emigration, Free Mason; attended several Ohio Colored Conventions
Taylor, Nikki Marie. Frontiers of Freedom: Cincinnati’s Black Community, 1802-1868. OhioUniversity Press Series on Law, Society, and Politics in the Midwest. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2005.
Taylor, Nikki Marie. America’s First Black Socialist: The Radical Life of Peter H. Clark. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 2013.