Abolitionist, participated in URR, attorney. First Dean, Howard Univ. Law School; Pres. Virginia State Univ.; U.S. Representative 4th District of VA, 1890-91.
Cheek, William F., and Aimee Lee Cheek. John Mercer Langston and the Fight for Black Freedom, 1829-65. Blacks in the New World. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
Boyd, Herb, ed. Autobiography of a People: Three Centuries of African American History Told by Those Who Lived It. 1st ed. New York: Doubleday, 2000.
Taylor, Jr, Henry Louis, ed. Race and the City: Work, Community, and Protest in Cincinnati, 1820-1970. 1st edition. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993.